The 25 Most Endangered Primates in the World

There are 703 species and sub-species of primates in the world, from apes to monkeys to lemurs. And more than half of them are facing extinction.

Most of the endangered statuses of these primates are caused by habitat loss and destruction, like burning forests, as well as poaching and the illegal wildlife trade.

Leading primatologist and director of conservation at Bristol Zoological Society in Britain, Christoph Schwitzer says:

“This research highlights the extent of the danger facing many of the world’s primates. We hope it will focus people’s attention on these lesser-known primate species, some of which most people will probably have never heard of.”

First timers on the most endangered list include the Philippine tarsier and the Lavasoa dwarf lemur from Madagascar – a species discovered just two years ago. Other primates on the list, like the Roloway monkey from Ghana and the Ivory Coast, are on the brink of extinction.

The red colobus monkey in Africa and some of South America’s howler monkeys and spider monkeys are also threatened. These species are larger primates, which makes them easy targets for bushmeat hunting.

Photo by Harvey Barrison / CC BY-SA 2.0
Photo by Harvey Barrison / CC BY-SA 2.0

In a statement, Schwitzer added:

“Some of these animals have tiny populations remaining in the wild. Support and action to help save them is vital if we are to avoid losing these wonderful animals forever.”

Here is the list of the 25 most endangered primates for 2014-2016, along with their estimated remaining population size. Five of the primates are from Madagascar, five from Africa, 10 from Asia, and five from Central and South America:

    1. Lavasoa dwarf lemur – unknown
    2. Lac Alaotra bamboo lemur – about 2,500-5,000
    3. Red ruffed lemur – unknown
    4. Northern sportive lemur – around 50
    5. Perrier’s sifaka – 1,700-2,600
    6. Rondo dwarf galago – unknown, but remaining habitat is just 40 square miles
    7. Roloway monkey – unknown, but thought to be on the verge of extinction
    8. Preuss’s red colobus monkey – unknown
    9. Tana River red colobus monkey – 1,000 and declining
    10. Eastern lowland gorilla – 2,000-10,000
    11. Philippine tarsier – unknown
    12. Javan slow loris – unknown
    13. Pig-tailed langur – 3,300
    14. Cat Ba langur (golden-headed langur) – 60
    15. Delacour’s langur – 234-275
    16. Tonkin snub-nosed monkey – less than 250
    17. Kashmir grey langur – unknown
    18. Western purple-faced langur – unknown
    19. Hainan gibbon – 25
    20, Sumatran orangutan – 6,600
    21. Ka’apor capuchin – unknown
    22. San Martin titi monkey – unknown
    23. Northern brown howler monkey – less than 250 mature animals
    24. Colombian brown spider monkey – unknown
    25. Ecuadorian brown-headed spider monkey – unknown

The list comes from a report that was put together by the IUCN, Bristol Zoological Society, International Primatological Society and Conservation International and is updated every two years

Featured image by Peter Schoen / CC BY-SA 2.0

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s